IoT and 5G applications are used in everything from sensors and artificial intelligence to big data analytics, making everything not only connected but also smart. 5G will improve mobile broadband (eMBB) services and create enormous potential for new value-added wireless services through a wide range of new use cases. These new use cases include fiber-equivalent fixed wireless access (FWA) services, massive Internet of Things (IoT) services, and mission-critical IoTs – enabling new applications in automotive, manufacturing, energy and utilities, and health, among others.
How 5G is driving change in the Internet of Things (IoT)
5G was designed to increase the speed, reduce latency, and improve the flexibility of wireless services, creating an ocean of opportunity for individuals and businesses, driving innovation across industries and making IoT a integral part of the economy. The ubiquitous, high-speed connectivity offered by 5G will help control devices remotely in applications such as smart vehicles, transportation infrastructure or remote healthcare where real-time network performance is absolutely critical. Not only will this help connect and manage the growing number of sensors for machinery or consumer durables, but it will also add value to the IoT. Together, these technologies will help ecosystem collaborators refine large volumes of data from IoT platforms to convert them into intelligent, revenue-generating data models. For IoT-enabled devices, in addition to providing a world-class user experience with zero lag, 5G will offer secure connectivity at low cost, low power consumption, and contribute to massive and efficient machine-to-machine communication.
How 5G will enable new use cases
The unique 5G architecture, which enables the creation of multiple virtual networks with dedicated bandwidth for particular customer groups, can be tailored to specific IoT use cases. This network slicing could help expand IoT and make the services provided using this technology more efficient, cost effective and widespread. IoT demands the power of low latency, high network capacity, enhanced security, immediate large-scale data transports, and the ultra-reliability offered by 5G. Therefore, IoT and 5G complement each other naturally. This coupling can help manage a variety of use cases such as connected and autonomous vehicle technology, intelligent traffic management to handle traffic jams, industrial automation enabling efficient smart factories, gaming or reality applications. immersive and interactive augmented, remote healthcare, inventory tracking for the logistics industry and much more.
In the field of telematics, 5G is expected to play a huge role in the development of autonomous vehicles. Almost all models of cars and heavy vehicles will be equipped with features like advanced driver assistance system, automatic braking, collision avoidance, lane departure warning, etc. These new features will be supported by Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle to Infrastructure Communication Capabilities (V2I). The vehicles will use the 5G network to communicate with other cars on the road, as well as the traffic lights and road management systems to provide a range of data to the driver: the number of cars on the road ahead, the level traffic congestion, hazards such as construction or accidents, and the estimated travel time to a given destination. This sophisticated level of machine-to-machine (M2M) communication will be essential for autonomous vehicle operations. In cars with Level 1 or Level 2 automation, IoT functions will take the form of a notification to the driver to slow down, issuing alerts from the infrastructure systems of the Department of Transportation. With automation level 3 and above, the car will be able to decelerate, activate the turn signals, change lanes and take any other action it deems necessary to avoid any danger. With this technology, accident costs are expected to drop steadily, as automated vehicles help compensate for human error.
Opportunities that 5G and edge computing will create
A distributed computing framework such as edge computing that brings business applications closer to data sources such as IoT devices can help analyze data locally, provide near real-time insights and predictive analytics to influence processes. operational. It addresses the need for localized computing power and is expected to create and process over 50% of business-generated data outside of the traditional centralized data center or cloud, compared to 10% currently. Once the speed of 5G and the processing capabilities of edge computing combine, it creates huge opportunities for applications requiring low latency. Some of them could be real-time process optimization in manufacturing facilities, telehealth applications in healthcare for diagnosis or remote monitoring, video analysis for monitoring, inspection visualization of the infrastructure to identify potential faults or maintenance needs, real-time energy consumption monitoring through sensors and IoT devices connected to a peripheral platform in factories or offices, immersive training and experience of supervising employees in the workplace, improving content delivery via video feed or web pages or even processing data from smart home devices dependent on IoT. These are just a few of the many use cases made possible by 5G and advanced computing across multiple industries; the possibilities are endless.
For me, the time has come when our industry is going to be totally disrupted with IoT and 5G across the value chain and not just the manufacturing units. It will power advanced automation across all departments, breaking down silos between functions, transforming manufacturing shops from supply chain to asset and fleet management, but also redefining business and business models for sectors. vehicle sales, after-sales, financing, leasing and insurance.
The author is President of IET India, Future Tech Panel.